Embedded technology


The snazzy cell phone which can fit in anybody’s pocket to the car one drives and from telephone to Rocket systems, technology never ceases to grow. It is exclamatory to understand what lies at the root of these systems. It is more and more inquisitive if one aspires to be innovative of such technological masterpieces. If you are able to achieve the innovative part as you need not have to look further as you are overwhelmed by what is known as ‘Embedded Technology’. This is also now a career option which combines skill and innovation.

Technically an embedded system is a combination of computer software, hardware and perhaps additional parts designed to perform a specific function. Consumer electronics such as mobile phones, PDAs, Digital televisions, Automatic washing machines and Microwave ovens are the best examples that one can state to give a feel of embedded systems at work. Their role continues in communication, travel, automation, military and even entertainment. Considering the span of embedded technology it comes as no surprise that the global embedded and telecom market today is worth one trillion dollars and will continue to grow at an exponential pace.

Pioneering research and demand for state-of-art applications is pushing the world towards solutions in embedded technology across various verticals. This includes miniaturization of integrated circuit (IC) chips, design of dedicated and functionally specialized systems, embedded software programming, hardware development of better processors and microcontrollers, development of systems on chips (SOCs) and work on integrated devices.

Hence one may be involved in internal design and fabrication for day-to-day products and special applications as well as creating software for the same. The obsession of packing in more power in a system than just the basics is driving innovative work in the industry. In fact embedded technology is evolving to a level where in systems are to have their own thought process and decision making skills.

The most vibrant sectors considered today in the field of embedded systems are automotive, office automation, industrial, consumer electronics and data communication.

With the industry often complaining of quality standards of graduates across all segments one is wondering whether a sophisticated technology like embedded technology can have graduates of the desired standard by the industry. There is a gap between industry and academia because knowledge provided by universities is theoretical and industry needs practical understanding and application. It is vital that this gap is bridged between them so that newer technology can be promoted and students can be ready for the industry when they step out.

The cooperation and coordination between industry and academia can lead to students learning practical concepts and applications for a technology-intensive and challenging field like embedded technology. If this is fully achieved then there is no requirement of obtaining additional certification and opportunities will be ample in industry to continue with more innovations.