SAFETY PROGRAM FOR A PLANT
It is not good enough to earmark one or more people as Safety Officers and tell them to spread safety in the organization. You may find them standing in the cold very soon.
Long-standing experience in industry, in general, has proved the need for a â€œsafety programâ€? which really comprises strategic planning against the enemy. Such a program should be set up to suit the operations in the company. It should be designed by a man trained in basic principles of safety in consultation with management, so as to ensure that the proposed activities crossing the borders to various operating departments, as they do, will not clash with any policies and responsibilities as earlier laid down by management.
Although top management has top responsibility for establishing definite safety policies, procedures and safe working conditions, most of what is planned and established must reach the employee on the job through the first line supervisors who are in frequent and close association with the employees.
The works supervisor, in discharging his responsibilities for safety, has, among his principal duties, the following:
1. To teach each employee the hazards of his job and how to avoid them.
2. To impart to each employee the understanding that the violation of established safety rules will not be tolerated.
3. To see that needed safety equipment is provided and used for each job.
4. To take prompt corrective action whenever unsafe conditions and unsafe acts are noted.
5. To teach employees that accidents are caused but can be prevented.
6. To investigate and find causes of all accidents, even those which result in minor injuries.
7. To see that all injuries are reported and properly treated.
8. To instill a safety awareness in each employee through personal contacts and by safety meetings.
9. To conduct regular safety appraisals of his section.
10. To give full support to all safety activities and safety procedures
It is the works supervisors and not the soldiers or our army who are the safety people. Efforts should therefore be directed towards training these supervisors.
Another basic step in the safety program is the establishment of safety rules. No rule must be introduced unless there is need for it and the intention is to enforce it. Enforcement of rules is a necessary step to ensure the complete success of any safety program. Disciplinary action should be avoided until management has thoroughly discharged its safety obligations and every effort has been exhausted in securing voluntary co-operation.
However, in the final analysis, disciplinary action for failure to follow a rule must be taken or the rule will cease to exist. Here again, the work supervisors are in the middle of the battle, firstly in assisting to established the proper rules, and later on making them adhered to.
Among the duties of the works supervisor regarding safety, two specific duties, where his initiative is required, are emphasized.
(i) He has to investigate accidents and take corrective action.
(ii) He has to inspect and prevent unsafe conditions.
Thus, correction and prevention go side by side in every safety program dealing with either minor hazards or major dangers and catastrophes.
Summarizing, we can say that such a program has to implement the basic principles in
(i) Safety rules,
(ii) Safety inspection
(iii) Safety training,
(iv) Accident analysis,
(v) Recommendation for correction,
(vi) Recording and reporting.