A manager’s leadership behaviour is what makes the difference between effective and ineffective organizations. No organization is so well designed and managed that it can describe clearly what everyone must do on every occasion. All organizations rely and are clearly dependent on non-routine behaviour of which only human beings are capable. No organization can be effective if it relies only on performance. Effectiveness results from utilising the talent of human resources in a useful way. It is said to be an integral part of effective management although competent performance is closely related to quality of leadership. Competent leadership is not the only important part for successful operation, it is an essential one.
Strong leadership can change a dull team into a strong, successful and initiative taking organization. Many business organizations that are seen as not doing well have achieved new strength when their presidents were replaced.
Without leadership an organization is but a mixture of men and machines. Management activities such as planning, organizing and decision making are just words until the leader acts and induces the power of motivation in people and guides them towards the goal. Leadership activities are directed to getting effective work team members. It is the leadership that guides, inspires and directs group members for achieving a unity of purpose and efforts. Without leadership, a group disintegrates, destroys its team-spirit and the energy is lost on unnecessary activities. Leadership is, therefore essential if organizations are to be more than warehouses for machines. It is necessary in order to create work environments in which human beings can live part of their day in a productive and satisfying manner. Leaders play a critical role in helping groups, organizations, or societies achieve their goals. Leadership is the process of influencing others towards the achievement of goals. It is the ability of a manager to induce subordinates to work with zeal and confidence. It is the activity of influencing people to work with motivation for group objectives and organization.
Existence of followers: Leadership does not work without having a team and motivates them to achieve Team tasks and organisational goals.
Leadership envisages the idea of inert-personal influence. It is actually the knack of getting other people to follow you and to do willingly the things you want them to do. Without influence there can be no leadership.
Leadership is a two way process. A leader not only influences his followers but is, at the same time influenced by them. Leadership implies that the followers must consent to being influenced. Leaders gain their authority over a group by consensus only.
The basic objective of leadership is to rally men and women towards common goals. It involves a happy reconciliation of personal and group objectives. The qualities, skills and characteristics of a leader are determined to a large extent, by the demands of the situation in which he is to function as leader. It is possible for almost anyone to become a leader of circumstances allow him to perform functions dictated by the situation.
To be a leader, one must have followers. A manager, on the other hand, may have people to supervise, but these people may not follow the manager’s lead. Employees may comply with the manager’s directives, but such compliance may not yield a sense of commitment that leadership creates.
Leaders are expected to be charismatic, exciting, and visionary. They are capable of altering the mood of followers raising their hopes and aspiration. Managers and leaders are responsible for meeting the needs of individuals and their organizations. However, managers are expected to be more concerned with attaining organizational goals, whereas leaders are expected to be more sensitive to the needs of followers.
Leader develops teamwork and a sense of collectivism in the employees and forces them to work as a team. Individuals, within the groups may have different interests and multiple goals. The best leaders, when their task is accomplished, their work done, the people remark, we have done it ourselves. Dynamic leaders provide a satisfying work climate where the individuals and organizational goals are well integrated and find meaningful expression.
Leader is a representative of subordinates: He is the linking pin between the work groups and top management. As a representative of the subordinates he carries the voice of the workers to top management. He forces the followers to have an identity of interest, outlook and action.