Even after 15 years of liberalization both the public and private sector never bothered about power generation whether it is Thermal, Hydro, Nuclear, Solar, Bio mass, Tidal and other possible means. Though India may be ranked as sixth in terms of power generation in the world it is far behind meeting its requirements and perhaps one of the few developing countries where load shedding takes place. In some places it is like 3rd world countries where there is no power for almost 15 to 18 hours in a 24 hour day. The power whatever is generated is lost through in efficient distribution system, pilferage or improper maintenance of generating equipments. In the capital of India that is Delhi 30 to 40% is lost in pilferage and where private sector companies like Reliance Energy are involved they keep on shooting tariffs north bound instead of increasing the efficiency and lowering the cost to consumers. The suburbs in the mega city of Mumbai are the victims of this high tariff and incorrect high billing from private sector.
India ranks sixth in the world in total energy consumption and needs to accelerate the development of the sector to meet its growth aspirations. Energy is growing exponentially in India and is today the prime mover of economic growth. With huge requirements of various energy resources, the government is actively driving investments in this sector.
The energy revolution:
In a few years time, there will be tremendous pressure on energy management as the demand supply gap is set to widen with imports of crude being maintained at 75% which has a direct impact on the GDP progress. The changes in the future will be remarkable as the implementation of the Energy Conservation Act would call for about 16000 certified energy managers (CEM) and certified energy auditors (CEA) from 2007-2012, besides a large number of energy professionals in the vast areas of energy management. Also, the Electricity Act 2003 would further accelerate the energy business in India.
With the objective of creating world class professionals in the energy sector even the government is taking some initiatives for generation and conservation. In this regards we can say even private sector is also lagging behind the international power generation standards. The country’s formal education system has just started to wake up to the needs of aspiring energy analysts and managers. There is a requirement of different specialists in the energy field comprising of power generation, audit, efficient transmission and distribution and last but not the least energy conservation.
People looking in the energy sector would find openings with corporate companies, banks, non-government organizations, academic and research institutions and the media.
The government has set the target to make electricity available to every part of India by 2012. This would call for at least doubling the available power by judicious energy, management comprising capacity addition by installing more power plants, alternative energy use, energy conservation efficiency improvement and demand side management. It is sincerely hoped that the efficiency in the power sector will increase and ‘Power at affordable cost’ and “Continuous power’ will be the mission of both public and private sectors.
There are 14 energy intensive industries and the commercial buildings namely aluminium, fertilizers, iron and steel, cement, pulp and paper , chlor-alkali, sugar, textile, chemicals, railways, port trust, transport sector (industries and services), petrochemicals, gas crackers, naphtha crackers and petroleum refineries, thermal power stations, hydel power stations, electricity transmission companies and distribution companies, commercial buildings or establishments for cold storage.