Social Issues faced by Modern Manager

Policies regarding racial discrimination in its employment practices. For example, how should a firm attempt to comply with laws and court decisions on civil rights?

The position of multinational companies concerning divestment in South Africa because of apartheid. For example, should General Motors apply Sullivan principles in continuing South African operations to help black employment or should it divest as proposed by such people as Nobel Prize winner Bishop Tutu?

The willingness by business to accept “voluntary” restraints. For example, in helping the country meet its balance of payments problems, how far should management go in voluntarily restricting its overseas investment?

Adjustments by management to controls over exports to certain countries. For example, what guides can be established to comply with public policy concerning sale of goods to countries that have been designated as unfriendly or enemies?

Recognition of responsibilities to developing countries. For example, how should a large company conduct itself in small developing countries in which large purchases of raw materials have a large impact on the economic and social development of those countries?

Policies toward support of educational institutions. For example, should a corporation contribute to public and private educational institutions when the return on the ‘investment’ is only indirect.

Involvement of management personnel in political campaigns and organizations. For example, should a corporation seek to cement ties with a particular political party?

Marketing policies promoting products that create health, safety, and other social problems. For example, should cooperation executives be concerned with overuse or misuse of its products to ultimate social detriment – as with tobacco, Liquor, drugs, weapons, and so on?

Operating policies that impose social costs. For example, should manufacturing operations aim at minimizing costs to the firm when they increase the costs to society in greater air pollution, water pollution, urban congestion, or unemployment ?

Involvement in the community and in the family life of employees. For example, should ,management become involved in community planning, marital counseling, or religious activities?

Policies of providing opportunities for women in roles traditionally unavailable to them in the past.