Marketing is a value creating and value delivering process


Value-creation and value-delivery is the main task of marketing. Marketing in its entirety is a value –creating and value-delivering process. The whole bunch of tasks involved in marketing, serve the purpose of value delivery. They actually form a sequence leading to value delivery.

Marketing planning, buyer analysis, market segmentation and targeting are concerned with value selection. Product development, manufacturing, service planning, pricing, distribution and servicing, are concerned with value creation & value delivery. Personal selling, advertising, publicity and sales promotion are concerned with value communication. Activities like market research and market control assess the effectiveness of the value delivery process, the level of satisfaction the customer has actually received and how it compares with the firm’s intention as well as with other competing offers for the purpose of enhancing value.

In any marketing situation, one can discern four distinct steps in the value providing process:

* Value selection.
* Value creation/value delivery
* Value communication (making a value proposition and communicating it.)
* Value enhancement.

Value Selection

It is obvious that selecting the value to be offered is the first step in the value delivering process. Everything else follows. Only after selecting the value to be offered, can the firm proceed with production, sales and promotion. What needs to be specifically understood here is that the firm finds out what constitutes value in the estimation of the customer and accepts it as the value to be offered. Value selection is thus not only the first step in the sequence but also the most crucial one.

Value Creation / Value Delivery

This constitutes the bulk of the marketing job. What the firm has promised to provide the customer has to be actually provided. The product offering must actually carry the benefits the firm has promised and it must be reached to the customer in the most satisfying manner. Value creation/value delivery signifies the successful execution of the firm’s promise. Most firms fumble here because they promise to provide all sorts of things, but they fail deliver; their products fail to carry the value they were supposed to carry. The entire firm with all the functions and activities is involved in this step. In creating and delivering the product with all the associated benefits, which the firm has decided to offer, there is a role for technology, design and engineering finance management and the organizational set-up

On Marketing Concept, in this article we outlined up on the idea of integrated management action. What is required in value creation and delivery is integrated management action with marketing taking center stage.

Value Communication

After selecting the value to be offered and deciding how the value has to be created /delivered, the firm tries to communicate the value to the customer. In this step, there are actually two components. The firm works out a value proposition and then communicates it to the customer.

Making a Value Proposition

In a marketing endeavor, what the firm offers to the customer is not a mere physical product; it offers a value proposition. The product offer consisting of the best possible benefits/value is put forward as a value proposition, explaining how the offer matches the customer’s requirement s and how it works out to be the best among all the competing offers.

Communicating the Value Proposition

The firm then, communicates the value proposition to the customer. It explains the uniqueness of its offer through a well-formulated marketing communication mix. The customer’s exercise of assessing the value of the offer actually starts from this stage.

Value Enhancement

The firm also continuously and proactively enhances the value. It collects feedback from the consumer about his level of satisfaction with the product and upgrades the value. It actually is a non-stop job for the firm to search for the customer’s satisfaction level and augment the offer. Competing products, including substitute products, keep attacking the value proposition of the firm.

Expectations of customers too keep changing. The firm has to search for the new expectations of the customers, locate product gaps/ benefits gaps and keep making new and better offers to the customer to stay ahead of the competition in value rankings.

Sales promotion gimmicks do not normally serve the purpose of sustained value addition. Sales promotion measures like consumer deals and trade deals result in just a temporary shift in the value-cost equation in favor of the consumer. When the deals are withdrawn, consumers turn away from the product.

What is needed is a sustained and ongoing effort, not short-lived big bangs. The effort must be lasting value addition, which normally accrues only though factors like enhancement of the functional utility/ convenience of the product.