The Indian Institute of Packaging (IIP) which is the premier organization in the field of packaging has done considerable work in development of appropriate packaging for several traditional and non-traditional exports from India. Some recent examples are given below:
Cardamom: The traditional ‘mooda’ pack for cardamom had been observed to be inefficient. IIP has provided a modern packing system for different quantities of until package of cardamom, viz., half, one and two kg each. This improved package in plastic has resulted in a standardized, modular dimensioned, corrugated board box which would easily substitute the ‘mooda’ system and at a lower overall cost. The newer alternatives developed would help the trade load 10 per cent more of cardamom in a given inter-modal container. Besides upgrading the packaging, the system also brings in the much needed modernization in this traditional article.
IIP was the first to develop a paper board packaging for the export of Indian mangoes by air. The traditional wooden box was given up. Though this development was primarily aimed at exports, the trade has been able to benefit from this modern packaging in promoting their business opportunities within the country also.
Indian handicrafts have always used age old packaging system. These were acceptable in the distant past. IIP’s packages using plastic foam in conjunction with corrugated board has resulted in a modern yet economical alternatives to the clumsy and cumbersome packaging adopted for such a beautiful item as marble table top. IIP’s blister packs and window cartons have also helped in upgrading the packaging of wooden carvings, papier machie boxes, etc.
The late 70s saw phenomenal growth in the export of grapes to the Gulf region. But they had to use air transport to prevent product spoilage which would have otherwise resulted if sea transport was adopted. IIP developed the long life package which would keep the grapes in good shape for even two months in a packaging system which uses a chemical preservative in conjunction with suitably prepared paper based packaging.
Indian hand tools have been exported in bulk to be branded and distributed in the self-service stores in distant parts of the world. Modern packaging systems for such items as screw drivers have helped the engineering industry and given them the confidence that they too can attempt to supply ready-to-merchandise goods right from India.
The case with classical shirts is unique in the sense that for the first time the garment industry was able to provide a single standardized packaging form not merely for exports by air but also by sea in containers. The modular dimensions fit conveniently into both the IATA pallet for transport by air and 20’ inter-modal container for shipments by sea.
Traditionally, vegetables have used conventional bamboo baskets for shipment by air for the markets in the Gulf and West Asia. Valuable air cargo space was being lost to the detriment of the total economies of the operation. IIP’s standard pack for two sets of vegetables of 6 kg unit weight improved the air cargo utilization by over 35 per cent.
Fashion garments continue to dominate the export of apparels from India. These exports use scarce but expensive air cargo space. Five modular pack designs were therefore developed to accommodate different types of apparels of which two designs would provide an optimum balance between cost and cargo space utilization. One of these designs could accommodate another product exported by air, viz., shoe uppers.