Geography is one of those subjects we all studied in school, but it’s a rare few who actually dreamed of making a career in it. Today, however, expertise on locations and climatic conditions can land you a well-paying job. The avenues in geography have opened up not only internationally, but also in our country. Below, here we have given careers available in the field of geography today.
GIS (geographic information systems) is the new knowledge source in these times when the travel is getting easier. GIS captures, stores, analyses, manages, and presents data about any given location. The GIS specialist works at mapping the location according to the requirements of the projects. For example, GIS can enable disaster management planners to calculate response times in the event of an emergency. GIS can help identify locations that need protection from pollution. It could be used by a company to best situate a new business so as to take maximum advantage of a previously underserved market. A GIS professional needs to remain up-to-date on the latest software in the field. The earnings would more than pay back the effort put in.
At present, there between 15,000 and 20,000 geographers in the country. More than 80% of them are in academia. But for those with a penchant for exploration, there are more possibilities than before to go back to the traditional geographer’s path. Studying nature and relating and interpreting interactions of physical and cultural phenomena can yield enough good research material to fill up a book. One can conduct research focused on the physical aspects of a region, including land forms, climates, soil, plants, and animals. The resulting data could be of use to private or government bodies. Likewise research on the interdependence between regions on scales ranging from the local to the global can be undertaken. This job profile would require extensive travel, and the ability to be out in the field for long periods-ideal for those who love the outdoors.
Environment conservation is already a high priority, and it will only rise in the future. It has spurred thousands of government and non-government programs. If you combine a geography honors degree with a qualification in environmental studies, you can be part of those efforts. The job profile would call upon you to plan strategies for working with existing assets in an optimal way. There is a demand for such expertise in the private sector, too, as environmental concerns become increasingly integral to business strategy. As an environmental management expert, you would focus on resource management, natural area management, and environmental issues in policy and implementation.
As a geography major, you could focus your training and skills on preparing for emergency management. As India becomes more conscious of the need to have extensive disaster management plans in place, this emerging field is in constant need of new recruits at the national and state level. The job would call on you to plan for emergencies by charting disasters that could potentially affect a given location, and in formulating a plan to avert or respond to them. Preparedness, response and recovery would all benefit from a geographers opinion. Disaster management is a concern of most governments and many private organizations and a geography major can expect to be involved at the higher levels of planning and management.
Bureaucrats opt for geography at the post graduate level-to improve their prospects for the civil services. Civil services also demand planning abilities. A sound understanding of your region in terms of environment, location and livelihood issues would stand you in good stead as a bureaucrat.
The role of an urban planner is to try to avoid or minimize congestion, and to ensure that all sections of the population have access to parks, recreation, and open space. Planners work closely with builders to ensure that cities develop within the limits of the master plan. A lot of geographical information is necessary to do all this.
With combined qualifications in geography and tourism, you would be able to better prepare travelers about what kind of clothes to wear, what sights to see. Travel agents also need to be knowledgeable about the unique features of various destinations, such as mountains, valleys, and glaciers, as well as potential dangers to travelers.