Careers in Gemology

Gemology is the study of gemstones; it is the study of diamonds, colored stones, and pearls, along with synthetic and imitation gems. It falls within the category of geo-science as a branch of mineralogy and its exponents work in all areas of the gemstone and Jewelry industry.

Gemologists use various scales of measure to identify and categorize gem, including their crystal structure, formation, and physical and optical properties. Gemologists may work in a laboratory, analyzing stones and preparing customized reports for clients, including miners, gem wholesaler, retailers and individual gem owners.

Laboratory gemologists use microscopes and other sophisticated instruments to study the internal structure of rough or cut gems.

There are many more jobs in all areas of the jewelry industry than there are personnel to fill them. Skilled workers can practice their trade wherever they choose to live. Many in the industry are self-employed or work for companies all over the country.

Professional gemological credentials are essential for those who want careers as jewelry buyers, appraisers, laboratory gemologists, auction house specialists or retail jewelers.

Every field is undergoing radical transitions, and the same holds true for the field of jewelry. In simple terms, gemology can be defined as the science of gems, and deals with the occurrence physical properties and identification of natural gems. It is of great importance to traders, dealers and anyone who appreciates gems for their beauty and ornamental value. Unknown to many there exist more than 3000 gems in nature.

Gemologists identify, sort out and grade these stones, using testing equipments like refractometers, spectroscopes, microscopes etc, to identify the type and nature of gems. The scope for gemology in India has widened considerably over the last 10 to 15 years. Almost every piece of jewelry begins with a gemstone, which may not necessarily be a diamond as people are becoming aware of many more gemstones that exist in nature. There are numerous avenues of employment once you complete your graduate diploma in gemology. You could earn at least Rs 15,000 to begin with. In other countries, the earnings would begin at $3000 to $4000 per month.

India is one of the oldest players in lapidary art. 70 percent of all gems, world over, come to India for cutting and polishing.

India is truly a booming market for gemstones Jaipur is to India what Bangkok is to the world. Thus, gemologists are in great demand.

You could take up employment as an in-house gemologist with a jewelry store. You would be in charge of confirming the authenticity of the gems that are sold there. You could get a job as a gemstone grader or sorter. Your work could involve grading or sorting gems by color, quality or cut.

You could become an appraiser and value gems that are brought to you. Another interesting option is becoming a buyer for a jewelry store, which involves going to the seller, examining the gems, and ensuring their genuineness.

Gemologists are involved in the identification, sorting and grading of gemstones. They also advise jewelry designers on various properties regarding the suitability of particular gemstones in different metals and types of settings. And then, there is self employment. Many gemologists work with jewelry outlets for some years and then establish their own businesses. Alternatively, you could set up your own gem lab where you could identify and grade/sort gems and treat them to modify their color or appearance. You can also advise jewelers and jewelry designers on the stones’ properties and the compatibility of particular gemstones with different metals and settings.

The Indian gem and jewelry industry has entered the new millennium with great confidence.