What is the position of Indian psycho-philosophy (we are using this composite term because it is important to know that in India psychology and philosophy have always moves in mutual support and harmony) in this area of vital concern for managers? We shall first attempt to offer a compact statement presenting what we judge to be the core of the Indian view about Self. Thereafter, we shall try to elaborate and substantiate it.
The Self of man is sentient pure consciousness which is already perfect and whole. His body, mind, senses, intellectual etc, are insentient, fickle, mutable and destructible instruments of this Self. But the Self is immutable and indestructible. It is this Self which constitutes the unvarying substratum of the body mind sense mutations. And this Self in each man originates from the one Universal Self. Therefore the Selves of all men are identical.
Some of the essential points arising out of the preceding statements are:
1. One of the boldest and most reassuring statements over made about man is this idea of Indian psycho philosophy, that the true ‘self’ or Self is always intrinsically free from all conventional blemishes and shortcomings, aspirations and satisfactions successes and failures. Whereas the identity of man is commonly conceived in terms of these relative phenomena associated with his empirical ego. In reality it is a super-ordinate, transcendent, changeless, perfect identity. So long as we do not attempt to comprehend this, truth human existence of transient experiences remains a meaningless carnival all sound and fury, signifying nothing. A movie film necessarily requires a stable white screen for meaningful projection. The dancing waves on the sea inevitably imply the calm seabed beneath. Progressive development of this awareness should be the chief bulwark against the kinds of things which recur interminably in organizations to mar the dignity of work life and depress the level of effectiveness. We must, of course, no longer be afraid to look straight into the face of words like transcendent.
2. If we identify our selves solely with our body mind senses intellect complex, then in seeking to grow in terms of the demands and promptings of this perpetually mutable quartet, we shall be compounding our human problems. We will cut corners and bend means to fulfill the promptings of our body mind senses intellect complex. Phrases like n-Ach or senses-of-deprivation may be attributed to such events. But they usually cloak a man who is in constant fear. It is only when we can muster the ability to take a detached look at the web of phenomena spun by our body mind senses complex from time to time that we may begin to restore health in organizational life. And the vantage point for that insight is this subjectively self luminous, substantive. This can give courage and dignity, as well as the proper perspective for our conscious motivations, ambitious, and objectives we consider all important. Indian psycho-philosophy has great sympathy for this existential human predicament, and so it comes out with the most positive and absolute concept of Self or identity unlike the despair and anguish voiced to by existent thinkers.
It is important however to be cautious about one point. Suppose for years we have been living in slum tenement amidst filth and squalor. One morning a stranger comes and informs us that we actually own a beautiful mansion, gives us its address and shows documentary proof. We should reject him with disbelief. But if we were to believe him, we would then have to fold up our present habitat and move to our rightful place. All this requires effort. The move, the journey has to be made. Merely sitting in the slum and crying out: “I am the master of a grand mansion” is of no practical consequences. So is the case with our wholesomeness. It is safer in practice to say that though whole is our Self, it is a potential state. Through and by effort in our daily work environment we have to strive to realize this potential. As we do so, petty and demeaning behavior gradually diminishes.
The above principles very well apply to working in an organization with others as a team and achieve the tasks to be performed.