Group Dynamics


It is the collection of two or more individuals.

Group Dynamics:

It is the collection of two or more individuals to accomplish the broad organizational goals.

Group is the collection of individuals to accomplish many goals such as corporation and problem solving. The theory states that people are attracted to one another on the basis of similar attitudes toward commonly relevant objects and goals. Within the group, the following activities take place:

1) Interaction among members
2) Perception of group membership
3) Shared norms and values, and
4) Interdependence

Generally, what happens to one group members affects other group members and what happens to the group as a whole affects the individual members.

Group dynamics are viewed from the perspective of the internal nature of groups, how they form, their structure, and processes, and how they function and affect individual members, ad other groups.

Types of Groups:

Primary Group:

A small group with a feeling of comradeship, loyalty and a common sense of values among its members is a primary group.

Example: A family or a peer group

Membership Group:

It is a group in which an individual actually belongs

Example: Member of a union.

Reference Group:

It is a group to which a member would like to belong

Example: Membership of an elite club.

Benefits of group dynamics on organizational effectiveness

1) Accomplishment of those tasks which could not be done by the employees themselves.
2) Bringing a number of tasks to bear on complex difficult tasks
3) Providing a vehicle for decision making that permits multiple and conflicting views to be aired and considered.
4) Providing an efficient means for organizational control of employee behavior.
5) Facilitating changes in organizational policies or procedures
6) Enhancing organizational stability by transmitting shared beliefs and values to new employees.

Benefits of group dynamics on employee effectiveness:

1) Helps in learning about the organization and its environment
2) Helps in learning about oneself.
3) Provides help in gaining new skills
4) Helps in obtaining valued rewards that are not accessible by one self.
5) Helps satisfy important personal needs, especially needs for social acceptance and affiliation.

Interview Skills:

The world of employment interview is on the verge of undergoing a dramatic change due to the invasion of foreign competition. The foreign threat and the resultant economic struggle for survival have triggered off a revolution within the Indian businesses and institutes. To counter this threat, organizations, as never before, are reading out to bring quantum Improvement in overall effectiveness and productivity. One key area where such improvement can be effected is the employment selection process, and many organizations have been quick to seize this opportunity.

Indian organizations are in search of excellence. As part of this search, they are looking for change agents personnel who will challenge traditional ways of doing things and who will be leaders of major organizational improvements. Many of these organizations are no longer satisfied simply to hire well qualified candidates who can perform their current job. Instead, they are looking for those who will stretch beyond traditional job parameters to bring about improvement and innovation and add value to the organizations.

Do’s and Don’ts of interviews:

The following list of suggestions has been designed to develop your interview skills and help you prepare for and maintain decorum during the employment interview.

These tips should be well heeded, as many of them deal with aspects of planning and appearance that can have a significant effect on your presentation, and very possibly your chances of being hired.

Always collect as much information as possible about the company and position before the interview. Where available, this should include:

1) Annual report
2) Position description
3) Position objectives
4) Business plan

Where time allows (and if the position is of particularly strong interest to you) spend some time in the library to research the company. Some good sources include:

1) Industry journals
2) Industry directories
3) Trade publications
4) National Stock Exchange Info Bank ( Published by Dalal Street Journal)
5) Crisil card ratings, and Corporate reports
6) Center for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE) Data base.