Developing a logical mind in order to crack the verbal ability and reading comprehension of the CAT is imperative.
The ability to comprehend sentences is crucial in order to crack the VA and RC of the CAT. Let us look at the following options from the CAT 2007 paper. It was mentioned by professors that the CAT 2006 and 2007 language papers are ill-reputed as the toughest ones till date.
So what makes the seemingly straightforward section so terrifying? What can your best bet be if the CAT you appear for ends up being tougher? All you need in order to crack this section is to have a consistent focus. Very often, people appearing for the CAT make an error of judgment since they either cannot comprehend the question or cannot think through the answer options given. The primary rule in winning this challenge is to read the options carefully and slot them into logical compartments.
Let us read the following question based on a passage in RC and its answer options:
What is the thematic highlight of the passage?
1) In the absence of strong biological linkages, reciprocal roles provide the mechanism for co-coordinating human behavior.
2) In the absence of reciprocal roles, biological linkages provide the mechanism for coordinating human behavior.
3) Human behavior is independent of biological linkages and reciprocal roles.
4) Human behavior depends on biological linkages and reciprocal roles
5) Reciprocal roles determine normative human behavior in society.
A careful observation of the options suggests that all of tem speak about the co-relation between three concepts a) biological linkages b) reciprocal roles and c) human behavior. With this understanding in mind all the options, can be safety rewritten as:
1) In the absence of strong a, b provides the mechanism to coordinate c.
2) In the absence of b, a provides the mechanism to coordinate c.
3) c is independent of a and b
4) c depends on a and b
5) b determines c.
Once you are clear about what each of these options say, all you need to do is understand the purpose of what the author is conveying in the passage. Now, if you were to read the following random extracts from the passage, what would your conclusion about the author’s message be?
Statements from the first paragraph:
Human biology does nothing to structure human society.
Giving birth is certainly not sufficient to be a mother but as adoption and fostering show, it is not even necessary!
Statement from the second paragraph: The fine detail of what is expected of a mother or a father or a dutiful son differs from culture, but everywhere behavior is coordinated by the reciprocal nature of roles. Husbands and wives, parents and children, employers and employees waiters and customers, teachers and pupils, warlords and followers; each makes sense only in its relation to the other.
Statement from the fourth paragraph; The American sociologists Erving Goffman built an influential body of social analysis on elaborations of the metaphor of social life as drama. Perhaps his most telling point was that it is only through acting out a part that we express character.
From all the above statements it is clear that the author is indeed talking about a relationship between b (reciprocal roles) and c ( human behavior). Thus, it is evident that answer options 2 and 3 are incorrect. Answer option 4 can also be rejected since the author is saying just the opposite of what it says i.e. dependence of c on a. Inference – the correct answer is either answer option 1 to 5.
Answer option 1 is talking about the absence of strong biological linkages. Hence all you need to do to eliminate this option is to ask yourself the question “Can biological linkages ever be absent in a society? Your mind would tell you clearly that this cannot happen. Hence, we are only left with option 1, which indeed is the key argument that the author has.
Our aim through the above explanation is to give you a clear focus for your preparations. Below are points that you need to consider:
1) Solving language questions is an exact science, just like the quants or data interpretation section. So just like the other two sections, this section too has only one clear answer. The challenge is to find that out.
2) Even if you have good command over English, you should not take this section for granted. Prepare carefully. Remember, this section tests more of your logical thinking ability rather than your English language skills. Focus on clearing the cobwebs from your mind, induce clarity in your thought and you should be well on your way.