ESSENTIALS INGREDIENTS OF THE MANAGEMENT DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS
The essential ingredients of the management development programs can be explained through the steps of management development process.
The important steps or ingredients of a management development programs are:
1. Analysis of Organizational Present and Development Needs
2. Appraisal of Present Management Talent
3. Inventory of Management Manpower
4. Planning of Individual Development Programs
5. Establishment of development Programs
6. Evaluation of the programs
Analysis of Organizational Present and development Needs:
The decision to launch a management development programs having been made, the next thing to do is the close and critical examination of organizational present and future developmental needs. We should know how many and what type of managers are required to meet the present and future needs. An examination of the organizational structure in the light of the future plans of the organization should help one know what the organization requires in terms of functions, departments and executive positions.
Having got the above the information it is easy to prepare the descriptions and specifications for all management positions which in turn, gives us the information as to the kind of education, experience, training, special knowledge, skills and personal traits required for each job.
A comparison of the existing talents plus those that can be developed from within those required to meet the projected needs will help the top management make a policy decision as to whether it wishes to fill those positions from within the organization or from outside sources.
Appraisal of Present Management Talent:
In order to make the above suggested comparison, a qualitative assessment of the existing management talent should be made and an estimate of their potential for development should be added to that. Only then can it be compared with the projected required talent.
Inventory of Management Manpower:
This is prepared to have complete information about each executive in each position. For each member of the management team, a card is prepared listing such data as name, age, length of service, education, work experience, training courses completed, health record, psychological test results and performance appraisal data etc. The selection of the individuals for the management development programs is made on the basis of the kind of background they possess. The management may set certain standards in terms of each of the above factors mentioned on the cards to qualify for the management development programs.
Such information when analyzed discloses the strengths as well as the deficiencies of managers in certain functions relative to the future needs of the organization.
Planning of Individual development Program:
Guided by the results of the performance appraisal which indicate the strengths and weaknesses of each of his subordinates the executive performs this activity of planning of individual development programs. Each of us has unique set of physical, intellectual, emotional characteristics. Therefore, a development plan should be tailor-made for each individual.
It would be possible to impart knowledge, skills and mould behavior of human beings, but it would be difficult to change the basic personality and temperament of a person once he reaches adulthood stage.
Establishment of Development Program:
It is the duty of the HR department to establish the well-conceived development opportunities.
The HR department has to identify the existing level of skills, knowledge etc, of various executives and compares them with their respective job requirements. Thus, it identifies developmental needs and will establish specific development programs like leadership courses, Management games, and Sensitivity training. The department may not be in a position to organize development programs for executives at the top level as could be organized by reputed institutes of management. In such situations, top management deputes certain individuals to the executive development programs organized by the reputed institutes.