METHOD STUDY OBJECTIVES
The first step in carrying out a work study is the method study of the work under consideration.
Method Study is the systematic recording, analysis, and critical examination of the methods and movements involved in the performance of existing or proposed ways of doing work, as a means of developing easier and more productive methods.
Method study is essentially concerned with finding better ways of doing things, and it contributes to improved efficiency by getting rid of unnecessary work, avoidable delays and other forms of waste. This is achieved through:
(a) Improved layout and design of factory, plant and work place.
(b) Improved working procedures.
(c) Improved use of material, plant and equipment and manpower.
(d) Improved working environment.
(e) Improved design or specification of the end product.
The techniques of method study aim at doing three things:
(i) To reveal and analyze the true facts concerning the situation
(ii) To examine those facts critically
(iii) To develop from the examination of the facts the best answer possible under the circumstances.
The value of methods study is due to the flexibility with which the technique may be used in different situations.
There is a simple framework for application in any circumstances.
SELECT: The work to be studied.
RECORD: All the relevant facts of the present or proposed method.
EXAMINE: Those facts critically and in sequence systematically.
DEVELOP: The most practical, economic and effective method having due regard to all contingent circumstances.
INSTALL: That method as standard practice.
MAINTAIN: That standard practice by regular routine checks.
The Function of Method Study
Method study does not replace the ability to make the best use of available information, the inventive genius or the organizing ability necessary to develop new methods. What the analytical approach of method study does, by its carefully planned sequence of analysis, is to show where change is likely to be most effective by highlighting unnecessary activities and showing where improvements are possible.
In this way thoughts are directed into channels likely to be profitable, and any inherent flair for improvements the members of the work study team may possess stands the best chance of finding full expression. Thus, method study enables the ordinary man to improve methods and at the same time avoid the dangers of taking â€˜short cutsâ€™.