In the case of an Indian patent engineering or technology from any university in India is pre-requisite The IP pertaining to design caters a clientele of fashion designers, interior designers, architects , automobile designers and the like. Since unlike a patent application which is technical a design is an aesthetic product and hence any agent can file a design application.
A lesser explored of IPR is the source and the creative commons arena. Unlike the traditional conception of reserving all and sundry rights over the IP, a creative Commons (CC) license would give an option to reserve some rights while granting some freedom to the users. This is the age of digital economy which is based on sharing A CC license gives the laxity to the author to decide the scope of the use of his work for third parties. Thus it has introduced a different perspective to the traditional restrictive IPR drafting leading to client specific drafting of licenses it has mandated that lawyers look at these issues from an open perspective, particularly since worldwide CC litigation has caught up. It has also collaterally impacted the economy by enabling professionals who’ve just entered the profession and who’re looking at projecting their work to increase their visibility akin to it, although geographical indicator is an IP that has been long recognized, it is one of the few that is not explored as much. The authenticity of the product is a driving force for the demand in the market and this ensures that registration of geographical indicators is sought after by communities. Being a community IP: It’s a matter of national pride and hence the scope of career for a person specializing in geographical indications is mostly in the international market.
The revenue amassed by IPR is tremendous. According to statistics the field generated returns of Rs 2,26,63,01, 039 in 2008-09 out of which patent alone had generated Rs 1,56,14,63,824 and it has progressively grown. No wonder then a career in IPR is monetarily rewarding. An IPR agent earns anywhere between Rs 15,000 – 30,000 per month and varies depending upon the area of expertise and the range of work undertaken. An LPO or a corporate firm dealing in IPR would pay anywhere between Rs 25,000 – 45,000 depending upon the range of clientele it caters to.
Although being a graduate would technically suffice for registering as an agent an in depth knowledge of IPR would make a huge difference in terms of employment quotient, especially for a fresher. Today, there are dedicated courses in IPR and hence professionals who’ve pursued a specializations or a super specialization have an edge over those without this qualification. Courses in IPR give a holistic view of the field covering a gamut of proficiencies ranging from hands on training in drafting and filing applications oppositions commercial and management aspects of patenting and a thorough insight into technology transfer and patent licensing by mock registry sessions and similar simulations.
Several colleges offer a course in IPR. The IIT Kharagpur Rajiv Gandhi School of intellectual Property Law offers an LLB program with a specialization in IPR and a postgraduate’s diploma in IP law. Diploma courses through distance education are offered by several law schools including the NLSUI, NALSAR, Amity Law School IGNOU etc. While the confederation of Indian industries offers the IPCAP, a certificate course, the Global School of Intellectual Property offers a range of course including a PG diploma and a full time certificate course in IPR an executive PG program in patent protection, enforcement and management and several short term professional programs.
New developments in the intellectual property law such as in trade mark law, copyright law patents laws industrial designs law, information and communication technology law and the various convention agreements like Berne’s and TRIPS, have increased the demand for legal practitioners and consultants in this field of law. The potential for IP is enormous because of the extensive R&D being undertaken in India, especially down south. At the end of the day, one must remember that the field is economy oriented and so long as there is a positive growth in the market the industries are open to explore and invest in IPR and consequently the demand is created. But there are certain inherent limitations on certain rights, like in case of software patenting where although software industry is a major contributor to the Indian economy Indian law doesn’t permit software patenting unlike the US unless it is linked to hardware.