The scheme provides for unit level councils. These councils are to eliminate factors which hamper operations and improve methods of operation.
The main features of the scheme of workersâ€™ participation through unit level councils would be as follows:
A unit level council consisting of the workers and management of the organization/service may be formed generally in each unit, employing 100 or more workers to discuss day-to-day problems and find solutions; but wherever necessary a composite council may be formed to serve more than one unit or a council may be formed department wise to suit the particular needs of an organization/service.
Every unit council shall consist of an equal number of representatives of the management and workers. The actual number of members should be determined by the management in consultation with the recognized union registered unions or the workers in the manner best suited to the local conditions obtaining in a unit or an organization, but their total number may not exceed 12. It would be necessary to nominate suitable and experienced workers from various departments irrespective of their cadre, affiliation or status, and not trade union functionaries who may not be actually working in the unit.
The managementâ€™s representatives should be nominated by the management consisting of persons from the unit concerned.
The management shall decide in consultation with the recognized union or the registered union of the workers as the case may be in the manner best suited to local conditions, the number of unit councils and the departments to be attached to each council of the organization/service. The main features are,
1. All decisions of a unit council shall be on the basis of consensus and not by a process of voting, provided that either party may refer the unsettled matters to the joint council for consideration.
2. Every decision of a unit council shall be implemented by the parties concerned within a month, unless otherwise stated in the decision itself.
3. The management shall make suitable arrangement for the recording and maintenance of minutes of the meetings and designate one of its representatives as a secretary for this purpose who shall also report the action taken on the decisions at subsequent meetings of the council.
4. Such decisions of a unit council, which have a bearing on another unit of the organization/service as a whole shall be referred to the joint council for consideration and decisions.
5. A unit council once formed shall function for a period of two years. Any member nominated or elected to the council in the mid-term to fill a casual vacancy shall continue to be a member of the council for the unexpired portion of the term of the council.
6. The council shall meet as frequently as is necessary but at least once in a month.
7. The Chairman of the council shall be a nominee of the management. The worker members of the council shall elect a Vice-Chairman from amongst themselves.
To conclude, the main functions of the councils include creation of conditions for achieving optimum efficiency, better customer service in areas where there is direct and immediate contact between the workers at the operational level and the consumer, higher productivity, the elimination of pilferage and all forms of corruption, and the institutions of rewards to be given to those with proven ability in these areas.