Differentiating between HR management and industrial relations


Human Resource Management:

· There are only two important parties namely employee and employer.

· Formulation of objectives, policies, procedure and programs of human resources and implement them.

· Individual employee contacts with the immediate superior.

Grievance and disciplinary procedures are resorted to, to solve the employee-employer conflicts.

· Reformulates the objectives, policies etc ,based on industrial conflicts which are the outcome of unsound industrial relations.

Human Resource Management (HRM) is the overall management of all resources including workers, staff, executives, Top management and even suppliers and customers.

Industrial Relations:

Industrial Relations (IR) in practice are the relations between actual work force and management of the organization.

Given below are some of the salient features of IR:

· The implementation of HRM policies results in IR.

· There are four important parties namely employees, employer, trade unions and government

· The sound IR contributes to the organizational goals. The unsound IR result in industrial conflicts demanding for change and reformulation of HRM objectives and goals

· Employees contact even the top management as a group.

· Collective bargaining and forms of industrial conflicts are resorted to solve the problems

· Industrial relations are governed by the system of rules and regulations concerning work, workplace and working community.

· The main purpose is to maintain harmonious relations between employees and employer by solving their problems through grievance procedure and collective bargaining.

· Trade Unions is another important institution in the Industrial relations. Trade unions influence and shape the industrial relations through collective bargaining.

· Industrial relations are the relations mainly between employees and employers.

· These relations emphasis on accommodating other parties interest, values and needs. Parties develop skills of adjusting to and cooperating with each other.

"I appeared for 4 successive interviews for a job position at a media company. The very
"We have recruited a guy in our company and found that he edited his Btech
Can you challenge your employer at the Court of law if you were terminated for
"I completed MCA in 2009, after that I did some teaching job and tried for
"I am working in a manufacturing industry as a Sr. HR Officer. I have recently

  • adkawale

    Very good short and sweet article.

  • T.ravikiran

    Please send me more information about IR

  • ashish kumar shashi

    i am searching for such company who can allow me to do the summer training project of 8 weeks.

  • linet malit

    please send me more on this topics role of employer in industrial relations management,

    international human capital movements, transnational corporations and employment, current developments in industrial relations, workers participation and many more i like your simplified notes

  • gobi

    diff bet hr and ir

  • Sucheta Bhandari

    Plz provide Statutory & compliance full information

  • I will like to know the difference between Human resources management and industrial relations management in details.

  • Hemal

    pls provide me the complete information on Industrial relation and labour laws

  • Vishnu Mahesh Sharma

    ya its very good artical. its realy increasing the knowledge…….its good

  • priyanka

    hi ! m a final yr mba student wid HR as major&IT as minor, so gme knowledge abt HR POLICIES

  • manju

    Very good short and sweet article. I will like to know the difference between Human resources management and industrial relations management in details.

  • please send me details about the industrial relation and thre literature review on this topic with number i=of questionaries

  • taukeer

    very good differentiation betwen HRM & IR… thnx *@*

  • Sivakumar

    Really nice explanation on differentiation

  • Mssingh2011

    please send me the industrial relations questionnaires 

  • Mohankumar Srinivasarao


  • Vamsi Upadhayula

    please tell me what is difference between overtime and hard ship allowances its very imp for me………….. 


    over time means the duty those are after completion his original duty i.e 8 hrs duty, and the Hard ship allowance means some industries are not allowed to their workers for doing extra hour for completion of specific job, where as they give their workmen to a target oriented job in his 8 hrs duty, if he achive the target then he eligible to get hard ship allowance.