The relationship between age and job performance is likely to be an issue of increasing importance during the next decade. Why? It is widespread that the job performance declines with the increase in age.
What is the perception of older workers? The positive qualities an older worker possesses are experience, judgment, a strong work ethic, and commitment to quality. But older workers are also perceived to be lacking flexibility and being resistant to new technology. At a time when organizations actively seek individuals who are adaptable and open to change, such an attitude would clearly hinder the initial hiring of older workers and increase the likelihood that they will be asked to leave during cutbacks.
What effect does age actually have on turnover, absenteeism, productivity, and satisfaction?
The older you get, the less likely you are to quit your job. This conclusion is based on studies of the age-turnover relationship. As workers get older, they have fewer alternative job opportunities. In addition, older workers are less likely to resign than the younger ones because their long tenure tends to provide them with higher wage rates, longer paid vacations, and more-attractive pension benefits
Itâ€™s tempting to assume that age is also inversely related to absenteeism. The age-absence relationship is partially a function of whether the absence is avoidable or unavoidable. In general the older people have lower rates of avoidable absence than do the younger. The higher rates of unavoidable absence is due to the poorer health associated with ageing and long recovery period.
How does age affect productivity?
The concept is that productivity declines with age.
The individualâ€™s skills particularly speed, agility, strength, and coordination decay over the time and the prolonged boredom and lack of intellectual stimulation all contribute to reduce productivity. In the study recently, it was seen that age and job performance is unrelated. Moreover, the finding seems to be true for, almost all type of jobs.
The final concern is the relationship between age and job satisfaction. Most studies indicate a positive association between age and satisfaction, at least up to age 60.These studies are intermixing professional or nonprofessional employees. When the two types are separated, satisfaction tends to increase continually among professionals as they age, whereas it falls among the non-professionals during middle age and then rises again in the later years.
The question is whether women perform jobs as well as men do? There are, for instance, no consistent male-female differences in problem ability, analytical skills, competitive drive, motivation, sociability, or learning ability. Men are perhaps more aggressive.