Article by V S RAMA RAO
The environment of any organization defines the culture, and is very crucial for the entities that make up the organization. Their behavior, attitude and performance are directly influenced by the culture although it varies from person to person. In short organizational culture defines psychology, attitude, experience and belief of an organization and it is very important for the employees to know the organization’s culture as it helps them in understanding the objective and philosophy of the organization. It is not always easy to define the culture of any organization but it can be observed in day to day activities of any organization. It works at an unconscious level; people follow organizational culture as an integral part of their professional life sometimes without even realizing it.
It works as a guiding force within the organization, the purpose of organization culture is to support the organization at the time of crisis and enjoy the success at the time of successful venture. It provides a sense of order to the organization’s employees and defines the guidelines for them. To observe organizational culture pay close attention to the organization’s climate- the behavior and strategy that guides any organization in achieving its goals. Organizational culture manifests in an organization’s climate and is easily observable through behavior and strategy of an organization.
Elements of organizational culture may include:
–Stated and unstated values.
–Overt and implicit expectations of member behavior.
–Customs and rituals
–Stories and myths about the history of the group.
–Shop talk—typical language used in and about the group.
–Climate—the feelings evoked by the way members interact with each other, with outsiders, and with their environment, including the physical space they occupy.
–Metaphors and symbols—may be unconscious but can be found embodied in other cultural elements.
The trend of organizational culture is reflected through the leadership of the organization. It is a challenge for the leaders to improve and maintain the culture in such a fast paced life. Considering the interest of different individuals and synchronizing it with the objective of the organization is not an easy task. It requires a lot of skill. Organizational culture helps in coping with its environment.
Different organizations support different cultures to support the growth of the organization, researchers have identified different types of organizational culture.
Power Culture: Here dominance of one person or group of few people influence the activity and behavior of the organization. Here the decision is made by a person in authority. Small businesses are mostly governed by power culture though big business is no exception.
Role culture: Role culture is common in organizations with a large number of people, where each individual is responsible for a certain role. Role culture mostly emphasizes on job description and does not support any kind of creativity.
Task culture: Organizations that work to meet the particular task follow task culture; here the team is free to make a decision. It allows creativity and freedom in action and policies.
Person culture: Here individuals are free to express themselves and make decisions for themselves. Such culture is possible only in loose form of organization for ex-overseas sales person working on their own for a company is allowed to make decisions on its own.
Organizational culture plays a significant role in the success of any organization. An organization with a positive environment and excellent culture attracts employees. No one wants to work in a sulky place; no matter how well you pay but if an employee is not happy the point is lost. To attract a good professional it is important to offer them a good environment.
Healthy organization culture engages employees. Employees spends a good amount of day at the office and if they do not find something engaging or productive to perform their interest will diminish resulting in a decrease in productivity.
A healthy culture brings people together, it help people in expanding their network and skills. You will have more connections in your professional sphere. An office or organization should provide a culture that motivates people to give their best. It should be full of vitality and positive energy. Organizational culture can change people’s view about the job, for some people office is like a “salt mine”. Create positive and contagious energy in the organization and increase the productivity of the employees. Positive attitude always motivates employees to give their best.