To conduct Method Study (MS), we should have conducive human relations climate, top management support, supervisory co-operation. Work Study (WS), if properly applied, tends to improve industrial relations. WS should not be conducted amidst an atmosphere of distrust. Skilled seniors may resist changes. WS results may render some workers redundant, leading to retrenchment/redeployment/transfer. In developing countries, this causes the greatest anxiety. In the long run, however, the technique benefits all. WS is to be conducted by a properly qualified person, who can win confidence of both the supervisors and the workers. He should be able to deal with people. WS results are to be applied.
Let us now examine MS, focusing our attention on those steps which improve effectiveness and productivity.
Introduction: There is always an improvement possible in a process. Method study involves the breakdown of an operation into its component elements and the elements are analyzed.
The method study men should have
1. The desire and the determination to produce results.
2. The ability to produce results.
3. An understanding of the human factors involved.
Factors to be considered while having Method Study
1. Economic considerations
2. Technical considerations
3. Human reactions.
Analytically, method study involves basic procedure of SELECT — RECORD — EXAMINE — DEVELOP — INSTALL — MAINTAIN, sequence.
The merit of these basic procedures is that, whatever be the job or its size, it can be approached and dealt with on a common pattern.
The RECORD step is an important step and should be carried out with accuracy because further study depends on the recorded data. If the recorded step is inaccurate, the whole process of critical examination and developed method may fail.
The critical examination is the heart of the method study procedure.
Examination makes a systematic analysis of the purpose, place, sequence, person and means involved at every stage of the operations.
The following questions are considered for the examination step:
1. (a) What is achieved)? (b) Why is it necessary?
2. (a) How is it done? (b) Why that ways?
3. (a) Where is it done? (b) Why there?
4. (a) When is it done? (b) Why then?
5. (a) By whom is it done? (b) Why that person?
The answer to the question leads to the consideration of other alternatives.
In this way methods will be adopted that are completely assured to be not only economically sound and technically correct, but are based on sound physiological and psychological principles and above all make a positive contribution to the value of the produce.