The actual process of staffing is affected by many environmental factors. Specifically, external factors include the level of education, the prevailing attitudes in society (such as the attitude toward work), the many laws and regulations that directly affect staffing, the economic conditions, and the supply of and demand for managers outside the enterprise.
There are also many internal factors that affect staffing. They include, for example, organizational goals, tasks, technology, organization structure, the kinds of people employed by the enterprise, the demand for and the supply of managers within the enterprise, the reward system, and various kinds of policies.
Some organizations are highly structured; others are not. For some positions such as the position of a Sales manager skill in human relations may be of vital importance, while the same skill may be less critical for a research scientist working fairly independently in a laboratory.
Effective staffing, then, requires recognition of many external and internal situational factors, but the focus here is on those that have a particular relevance to staffing.
The external Environment:
Factors in the external environment do affect staffing to various degrees. These influences can be grouped into educational, socio-cultural, legal-political, and economic constraints or opportunities. For example, the high technology used in many industries requires extensive and intensive education.
Similarly, managers in the socio-cultural environment in the United States generally do not accept orders blindly; they want to become active participants in the decision making process. Furthermore, now and in the future, managers will have to be more oriented toward the public than they have been in the past, responding to the publicâ€™s legitimate needs and adhering to high ethical standards.
The economic environment including the competitive situation determines the external supply of, and the demand for, managers. Legal and political constraints require that firms follow laws and guidelines issued by various levels of government. The current HR environment is also focusing on equal employment opportunity and the role of women in management.