With climate change, several measures will need to be undertaken to restore ecological balance and rehabilitation. We need professionals who can conduct strategic and environmental impact assessments. These include environmental scientists, as also people with a background in social work. We need to undertake vulnerability studies, using climate data, in order to predict the impact on people, crops, livestock and soils because of climate changes.
Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects require engineers from various disciplines who can contribute towards making estimates about efficiency improvements that would results in a reduction in emissions of greenhouse gases. These include environmental engineers, chemical engineers, mechanical engineers, and civil engineers. Citing an example, President Honorary, The Oceanic Group, a NGO working with environmental awareness. Apart from agro climatic and climate scientists, there will e a demand for experts in forestry. We need to understand the water consumption patterns of forests in order to identify areas prone to drought or flood. This has become essential due to global warming and precipitation. There is also a need for biodiversity experts to keep track of species that are going extinct. Such specialists can be qualified in varied fields such as geography, zoology and botany.
In India global warming awareness and measures are not at the scale they are elsewhere. We are still more concerned with development so the existing environmental law will have to be upgraded in the near future. In accordance with this theory people are needed in the energy policy sector. Policy makers who understand environmental problem can foresee long term implications and then formulate policies in those directions. For instance, if we need to obtain energy it can be done from hydropower, coal, or even thermal or nuclear sources.
The Kyoto protocol has a provision where countries can fund projects which can reduce emissions in developing countries and keep polluting their own countries. India is involved in a lot of carbon credit trading with several countries in the West.
Eco tourism and environment education:
Several schools and colleges are now including environment studies in their syllabus, to keep up with the need of growing awareness about the global warming phenomenon. In fact, environment education has been made compulsory for junior colleges in Maharashtra and teachers are undergoing the necessary training. In accordance there are several opportunities for trainers who can provide environmental Inputs. There is also tremendous scope for environmental journalists to responsibility report the latest developments in environment anomalies.
With the common man becoming more concerned, people are interested in educating themselves even out of schools and colleges. Eco tourism employs methods like nature camps, workshops, and education seminars to play an important role in spreading environmental awareness. These camps are conducted by trained environment experts, either on a part time or full time basis. Aspirants can make this a secondary career choice while simultaneously pursing a job as an environmental auditor, lawyer and so on.
As in most other field one can choose to further specialists in areas such as water resources management, disaster management, waste management and recycling and other fields. While each area calls for specific qualification and traits, for any career related to global warming essential science courses include physics and chemistry. Earth sciences courses too can provide a valuable introduction to the atmospheric environment
Mathematical proficiency is essential in every branch of physical science today and the computer is a basic scientific tool. A good command of written ad spoken English is important n communicating scientific knowledge effectively.
Also, while most technologies are still at a nascent stage in India, with some foresight ad planning the growing research will open up a multitude of career opportunities. We are now standing at the crossroads of a climatically unstable future we can either choose to pretend it doesnâ€™t concern us, or make a tangible effort to impede, if not prevent the precarious global warming situations.