Immigration, Visas and Work Permits

Advanced countries are in dire need of talent are relaxing their immigration, visa and work permit rules to attract young people from countries like India, China and othe South eastern countries. In this article we are summarizing steps taken by U.K, Canada and U.S.

High levels of immigration over the past 10 years have been beneficial for the British economy by lowering both inflation and interest rates, according to a new report. The report published by The Work Foundation today said skills and labor shortages have been avoided and the economy has been kept on a stable growth path by immigration.

The British government should embrace the case for free movement across the European Union and enable citizens of Bulgaria and Romania to work in the UK even if the move allow for a more uncertain economic outlook, it suggested. The report also debunked myths about the impact of migration on employment and wages. It said wages had not fallen because migrants are willing to work for less, including in key sectors such as construction work and hotels.

The government has had a hard time over immigration not because it has ‘lost control’ of the issue, but because it has failed to tell a compelling story based on consistent high-quality information. The best judgment is that the economic case for free movement in the EU is strong and the UK’s ageing population, with fewer young people entering the job market, means that a fair and flexible policy of managed migration is essential if the economy is to continue to grow.

The high water mark may have been passed and employers cannot rely on a continued supply of Polish workers to fill labor shortages in the UK. As the economies of Central and Eastern Europe grow and unemployment falls, the pressure to migrate will lessen.

Canada unveils new work permit scheme to lure students:

Canada has rolled out a new open work permit scheme to attract foreign students – a move that may lure more Indian students from their favorite destinations like the US, Britain and Australia. Under the new scheme announced by the Canadian government foreign students going to Canada will now be able to get an open work permit under a post-graduate program, with virtually no restrictions on the type of employment and no requirement of a job offer.

The duration of the work permit has been increased to three years to ensure easier employment opportunities to target foreign students in an increasingly competitive global education market. The government of Canada wants more foreign students to choose Canada.

Open and longer work permits provide international students with more opportunities for Canadian work experience. This will help make Canada a destination of choice, and help us keep international students already studying in Canada.

Canada is not a preferred destination for Indian students, but the last decade has seen a spurt in interest in Canadian universities. A total of 5,700 Indian students were studying in Canada in 2007 while 2,531 study permits were issued to Indians that year. This was a big jump from 339 Indian students who went to Canada in 1997.

India has emerged as a battleground for foreign universities looking for bright students. British universities rolling out their education road show for Indian students and the US easing visa procedures to sustain the flow of the “best and brightest” shows that none of these countries want to lose out in the race.

Canada has crafted this new scheme to address severe shortage of skilled personnel that is affecting the global competitiveness of its economy. Moving toward the implementation of the Canadian Experience Class, the changes will help create a pool of individuals who, with work experience, will find it easier to apply to immigrate to Canada. Canadian government recognizes the ability to retain international graduates with Canadian qualifications, work experience and familiarity with Canadian society, will help increase competitiveness and benefit Canada as a whole.

H1-B claimants ‘ordinary’ workers, not geniuses:
Most of the claimants of the H1-B visas, much sought-after by skilled professionals including Indians, are people doing ‘ordinary’ work and not the geniuses as claimed by industry lobbyists. Those arguing for an increase in the number of H1-B visas (ostensibly temporary visas for ‘specialty occupations’, many of them in the computer industry) claim that continued US leadership in science, technology, engineering and mathematics hinges on their ability to import the world’s best engineers and scientists.

But this new data analysis shows that the vast majority of H1-B workers, including those at most major tech firms, are not the innovators industry portrays them to be. The argument is based on the fact that in a market economy, if workers are indeed outstanding talents, they will be paid accordingly.

This has been determined by computing the ratio of the foreign worker’s salary to the prevailing wage figure stated by the employer with the report calling this the ‘Talent Measure’ or TM. A TM value of 1.0 means that the worker is merely average and not of outstanding talent. But this is not proving altogenther to be a negative factor as substantial percentage of talented youth are taking the Visa advantage and after the requisite post graduate specializations contributing their skills for the country.