Operative functions of HRM


The operative functions of personnel management are related to specific activities of personnel management viz., employment, development, compensation and relations. All these functions are interacted by managerial functions. Further these functions are to be performed in conjunction with management functions.


It is the first operative function of HRM. Employment is concerned with securing and employing the people possessing required kind and level of human resources necessary to achieve the organizational objectives. It covers the functions such as job analysis, human resources planning, recruitment, selection, placement, induction and internal mobility.

Job Analysis: It is the process of study and collection of information relating to the operations and responsibilities of a specific job. It includes:

1. Collection of data, information, facts and ideas relating to various aspects of jobs including men, machines and materials.

2. Preparation of job description, job specification, job requirements and employee specification which help in identifying the nature, levels and quantum of human resources.

3. Providing the guides, plans and basis for job design and for all operative functions of HRM.

Human Resources Planning:

It is a process for determination and assuring that the organization will have an adequate number of qualified persons, available at proper times, performing jobs which would meet the needs of the organization and which would provide satisfaction for the individuals involved. It involves

* Estimation of present and future requirement and supply of human resources basing on objectives and long range plans of the organization.

* Calculation of net human resources requirement based on present inventory of human resources.

* Taking steps to mould, change, and develop the strength of existing employees in the organization so as to meet the future human resources requirements.

* Preparation of action programs to get the rest of human resources from outside the organization and to develop the human resources of existing employees.


It is the process of searching for prospective employees and stimulating them to apply for jobs in an organization. It deals with:

(a) Identification of existing sources of applicants and developing them.

(b) Creation / Identification of new sources of applicants.

(c) Stimulating the candidates to apply for jobs in the organization.

(d) Striking a balance between internal and external sources.


It is the process of ascertaining the qualifications, experience, skill, knowledge etc., of an applicant with a view to appraising his / her suitability to a job appraising.

This function includes:

(a) Framing and developing application blanks.
(b) Creating and developing valid and reliable testing techniques.
(c) Formulating interviewing techniques.
(d) Checking of references.
(e) Setting up medical examination policy and procedure.
(f) Line manager’s decision.
(g) Sending letters of appointment and rejection.
(h) Employing the selected candidates who report for duty.

Placement: It is the process of assigning the selected candidate with the most suitable job in terms of job requirements. It is matching of employees specifications with job requirements. This function includes:

(a) Counseling the functional managers regarding placement.

(b) Conducting follow-up study, appraising employee performance in order to determine employee’s adjustment with the job.

(c) Correcting misplacements, if any.

Induction and Orientation: Induction and orientation are the techniques by which a new employee is rehabilitated in the changed surroundings and introduced to the practices, policies, purposes and people etc., of the organization.

(a) Acquaint the employee with the company philosophy, objectives, policies, career planning and development, opportunities, product, market share, social and community standing, company history, culture etc.

(b) Introduce the employee to the people with whom he has to work such as peers, supervisors and subordinates.

(c) Mould the employee attitude by orienting him to the new working and social environment.

"I appeared for 4 successive interviews for a job position at a media company. The very
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Can you challenge your employer at the Court of law if you were terminated for
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"I am working in a manufacturing industry as a Sr. HR Officer. I have recently

  • I would like you to send me performance management case studies and to know more about cases relating to performance appraissals & peformance management that will help me to complete my research.

    Have yourself happy working days




    its really wothful

  • gab

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  • Asma

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  • FA

    I would like to know that if i knows the jod description how can I assess the position of the job

  • Selvan

    Please explain about payroll break up (Basic, HRA, DA etc)

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  • angie

    pls add more details or information about operative functions. thanks,

  • what is the difference b/w MIS & HRIS

  • plz differenciate the operative function with management functions

  • Ajay Riñopa

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  • suhasini

    kindly give functions of hrm with case studies for organization u r referring

  • Pallavi Girdhar

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  • What is performance appraisal? How does it help in assessing the employees?

  • sunil kumar.mekala

    human resources development

  • harish gamit

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  • sunil kumar.mekala

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  • Suhas Ram C

    Dear All,

    Can any one can help me to develope Training program for all HR staff (all function) which develop the best HR persons.

  • I Want to write thesis on the topic “Roles and Functions of HR Managers in IT Companies”

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  • Muhammadhamidd

    very useful post, infact, i was working on an assignment and i got input from teh above article it is so informative and comprehensive that you dont have to check other refereneces. can someone share some stuff on the deployment function of HRM???

  • Krishnaj33

    it should be mention all 4 function of hrm………. these are only employment function of hrm…………thank you

  • Mrs Manjeet Madra

    The topic covered above is very well expressed in a simple language that a lay man like me can understand.


  • Harikarthikeyan

    kindly give managerial functions of hrm

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  • Amit

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  • Kamineni Sowjanya

    please briefly explain the operative functions of hrm

  • Muhammed nisam

    i think some additional operative functions of HRM is proquirment,training and development,combensation,integration,maintentence
    thnk you