Trade Unions in India

Trade Unions:

Employee groups formed for the purpose of negotiating with management about conditions relating to their work.

The expression trade union includes both employers’ and workers’ organizations. However, the term is commonly used to refer to the organization of workers formed to protect their rights and to enhance their welfare. Trade unions are voluntary organizations of workers formed to promote and protect their interests by collective action. They must possess definite aims and its members must form a united front for the good of the whole group rather than for the promotion of selfish individual interests. In order to accomplish their goals trade unions must take on a definite and permanent form of organization.

Functions of Trade Unions:

Trade unions are intended to protect their rights and enhance the welfare of the members in particular and of the working class in general. The important functions of trade unions can be summarized as follows:

i) To promote individual as well as collective welfare of workers
ii) To improve the living and working conditions
iii) To ensure that workers secure fair wages
iv) To safeguard security of tenure and improved conditions of work.
v) To improve opportunities for promotion and training of workers
vi) To provide for educational, cultural and recreational facilities.
vii) To cooperate in and facilitate technological advance by broadening the understanding of workers of its underlying issues.

While unions have the right to fight for their rights, it is imperative that they keep the well being and progress of the community constantly before them even in the midst of their endeavors to help the working class. Since unions have a stake in the success of national plans for economic development and equitable distribution of income, they must adapt themselves to changing social needs, and rise above the divisive forces of caste, religion, and language. The unions should make every worker understand fully, his duties and responsibilities and, then, his rights and privileges. In essence, the object of a trade union should instill a spirit of self reliance, toleration and co-operation.

How Objectives of Trade Unions are achieved?

The functions and objectives of trade unions are achieved by a pursuit of traditional methods. These are:
1. The organization of trade unions on the basis of the industry, craft, or service in which its members are employed. (such as: Textile Workers Union or National Federation of Telecom Employees etc)
2. Voluntary recognition by the management that the trade union is the only representative union that is entitled to advocate the interests of its members.
3. Collective bargaining which is essence of industrial relations, for it is through collective bargaining that terms of employment are determined.
4. Agreements with the management which deal with wages, hours of work, other terms and conditions of employment, personal and job security, increased employee benefits, medical assistance, retirement benefits etc.
5. Mutual insurance through common contributions to meet financial needs of workers when there are stoppages of work.

Trade unions should work not only to protect and improve the wages and conditions of work of their members, but should also concern themselves about matters which are likely to affect them as producers, consumers or as citizens. Finally, trade unions should extend their activities to cover the families of their members; for a happy family makes a better worker, contributes substantially to the income of the company.

1. A healthy manager – subordinate relationship is very important and every manager appoints, trains and maintains a team of subordinates to help him with his work.
2. Managers must aim at earning the respect of their subordinates, as being respected is far more important than being thought of as a likeable person.
3. Good communication between superiors and their subordinates can smooth out numerous day to day problems.
4. When management of manpower stimulates more and work better, it is said to be there are good human relations in the organization.
5. The manager can secure good human relations by delegation, discipline, impartiality and by improving morale of his subordinates.
6. Trade Unions are voluntary organizations of workers formed to promote and protect their rights and to enhance their welfare.
7. The object of a trade union should be to instill a spirit of self reliance, toleration and co-operation.