Stock Market Terms ‘B’


Also known as ‘undha badla’ in Indian stock exchanges. When a bear sells in anticipation of a fall in prices in the immediate future so that he can pick up the shares later for delivery and make a profit, but the fall does not happen within the accounting period, he has the option to buy the shares from the market for delivery., or have his sales carried over the next accounting period on payment of ‘undha badla’ or backwardation charges to the buyer.

Bar charts:

A tool of technical Analysis these have vertical bars representing each day’s price movement. Each bar covers the distance between the day’s highest price to the day’s lowest price, with an X to mark the closing price.


A stock market operator who expects share prices to fall and keeps selling (to pick up the shares later at a lower price for actual delivery).

Bear Market:

Prolonged period of falling share prices, dominated by selling pressure in the market place, brought about by Bears.

Bear Market Terms

In share market reports any of the following terms indicates a fall in share prices: fall, decline, quiet, come down, plunge, plummet, nose dive, turn negative, nervous unloading, subdued, weary, weaken, slide (sometimes in the absence of financial institutions) inexorably, rule easy, turn bearish, ease downtrend, correction, seek lower levels, liquidate a position, dull, sluggish, tired market, slip, slump, lose ground, reversal.

Below Par:

A price lower than the face value of a share. Thus: face value Rs 10 or Rs 100, below par Rs 8.00 or Rs 90.

Beta Factor:

A measure of performance of a particular share or class of shares in relation to the general movement of the market

Bid Price:

It is the price a prospective buyer of a share is prepared to pay on the floor of the stock exchange at a parti0cular. This is in response to the jobber’s Asked Price.

Blue Chips:

Shares of particularly well known and established companies which have shown consistent growth over the years, have bright future prospects, and are expected to continue sustained growth in the future.


An instrument of loan raised by the government or a company, against a specified interest rate and a promised data of repayment. Company bonds are called Debentures, which are secured by mortgage against company assets, as distinguished from fixed deposits accepted by companies, which are unsecured.

Bonus Issue:

When a company’s free reserves are high, it may choose to capitalize part of it issuing bonus to existing shareholders in proportion to their holdings, to convert the reserves into equaity.Boinu9s shares are issued free of cost.

Book Closure:

Before a company declares a dividend or issues bonus or right shares, it closes its register of members for a certain period, from one week to a month, during which no transfer of shares is registered. Only those shareholders whose names appear on the register after the book closure are eligible to receive dividends and bonus shares and entitlement to rights shares. Dates of book closure are announced in financial newspapers and journals.


The top of a favorable trade cycle, when the prosperous outlook is reflected in the upward movement of share prices


Stock exchange, especially of France

Breadth of the Market:

Indicated by the percentage of shares involved in an upward or downward movement of the stock market


A member of the stock exchange, who is licensed to buy or sell shares on his own or on his client’s behalf. He charges a commission (brokerage) on the gross value of deals.


A stock market operator who believes that share prices are going to rise, and keeps buying to sell later at a profit. The bull’s action causes buying pressure in the market place and pushes up share prices.

Bull Cycle:

An extended period during which share prices are generally rising and the stock market indices show an upward trend.