The enviable pace of development experienced by India in the last decade, brought to the fore issues relate to sustainable development and efficient use of energy resources in an increasingly depreciating global environment. With issues like global warming and carbon emissions gaining prominence, there has been immense pressure on all nations to limit emissions and recycle resources.
Providing insights into the sort of professionals needed to deal with the tasks necessary for preservation of the environment. We need environment managers to work with corporates and the government; energy auditors who create a awareness about environmental issues at the national and local levels (mostly bachelor’s or master’s degree holders in social work); environmental economists to deal with carbon credits and of course environmental engineers.
There are many areas where engineers can contribute to the environment. Environmental engineering involves coming up with technology that is clean and green, produces no by products allows you to recycle everything and does not emit pollutants. There is also a lot of research to be done on seeking alternate sources of energy. These areas are highly inter-disciplinary in nature, requiring civil, mechanical and chemical engineers, among others.
A lack of economic growth on the personal front, as well as the fact that the environmental conservation sector in India is not organized inhibits students from making a foray in this area.
Scientific research in India is essentially funded by the government. It offers many opportunities in India – we have the third largest scientific and technical manpower in the world; 162 universities award 4000 doctorates and 35,000 postgraduate degrees. When it comes to making a career decision however students prefer applied sciences to the pure sciences. This is done to the inability of parents and students to reconcile the non-monetary rewards that scientific research offers. You have to deal with parents’ notions as well as students’. A career in research has to be made more rewarding than it is now. In fact, even if it is not as financially rewarding as other corporate jobs, one must understand that it is intellectually rewarding and one can enjoy a very rich quality of life. You meet interesting people, involve yourself in international cooperation and get to travel extensively as well.
However, a better future is predicted for research on account of the recession. It will be easier to attract students now that people can see the reality of the corporate environment. An academic environment with life long stability and security, challenge and satisfaction, is a very attractive proposition. Also, there are lots of jobs, especially now that the government envisages a huge expansion in education centers and new universities. Moreover, the concerned are taking steps to be taken to attract more students to math and science, and also for more quality PhDs. This is an area where there isn’t much competition and jobs will be available for the next 20 years.
An MBA student at the Indian School of Business (ISB), Hyderabad, was employed by Johnson & Johnson in a product management profile. Soon, however, she abandoned her job with the corporate to join an NGO, Give India, as the head of internet marketing. In her opinion, her MBA degree has been immensely useful in her work at the NGO. The MBA degree has helped her contribute greatly to Give India. It is important that NGOs become more efficient because this will enable them to channelise more funds at low cost to the beneficiary.
In fact, working with an NGO has emerged as a veritable career option, and is no longer associated with part time volunteering. NGOs like any other corporate need a plethora of professionals, comprising MSW graduates, management students, and accountants, to name just a few.
It’s best not to compare the remuneration at an NGO with many corporates. The remuneration offered by NGOs could be a stumbling block, especially for, bread winners, but for students, who do not have a very heavy financial burden in terms of paying their MBA fees or EMIs, it isn’t a very difficult situation.