Factors influencing personality

Personality: It can be termed as the combination of qualities mental, physical and moral that set one apart from others.

Personality can be termed as the combination of qualities – mental, physical, and moral that sets one part from others. Having a strong personality is the key to success. This is also a key determinant of good leadership. A good personality enables one to establish self control and self direction to discover the reality off freedom of choice. A person with a positive attitude can direct his thoughts, control his emotions and regulate his attitude.

In order to have a good personality, self development is needed. An executive’s self is the sum total of all that he can call his own. Self is something of which he is aware of. The self concept which an executive brings to his job is the amalgamation of many things, his perception towards his parents, the rules he has learnt, the impressions he carries about his peers, the record of success and failure, and the idea of what rewards he deserves.

The self development process transforms from dependence to self direction, from impulsiveness to self discipline, from ignorance to knowledge, from incompetence to competence from immorality to morality and from self centered to concern for self and others. Developing and bearing a sound personality is a changing process.

The personally can be broadly classified into two groups – sick personality and healthy personality.

The sick personality is also known as disturbed or peculiar personality. Sick personality can be the consequence of physical and/or psychological factors. These factors may or may not be in the control of the person. Some of these factors can be troubled childhood, repeated failures, lack of motivation, rejections, distrust of the parents and peers etc. The person himself has to assume a greater responsibility for following a prescribed pattern and pulling himself out of this situation.

Healthy personality is an image of a person who does not feel anxious or hostile, is not self defeated or destructive to others. People with healthy personalities are judged to be well adjusted. Apart from a good physical health, some other characteristics and features are necessary for an individual in order to have a positive, strong, and balanced personality. Such a personality helps an executive to influence other people in his favor.

The most important and relevant question related to personality is: How does it originate and develop?

The major determinants of personality of an individual can be studied under four broad heads – biological, family, cultural and situational.

Biological factors:

The foremost determinant of personality is the biological factor, in which are included heredity, the brain and the physical stature. Psychologists and geneticists argue strongly that heredity plays an important role in one’s personality. The importance of heredity varies from one personality trait to another. For example, heredity plays a more important role in determining a person’s temperament than determining the values and ideals.

Another factor which influences the personality is the brain of the individual.

Perhaps, physical stature of an individual is the most outstanding influence on the personality of an individual. For example, the fact that a person is short or tall, fat or skinny, good looking or not, will influence others and in turn will affect the person himself.

Family factors:

Family and social factors are also important in giving the shape to an individual’s personality. It initially starts with contact with the mother and later with other members of the family. Later still, the contact with social group influences an individual’s personality. The personality of an individual is also influenced by the home environment. There is evidence to indicate that the overall environment at home created by parents is critical to personality development.

Apart from the family background, social class also leaves an imprint on the personality of an individual.

Situational Factors:

Situational factors also influence the human personality. The effect of environment on personality is quite strong. Knowledge skill and language are acquired by a person and can be termed as learned modifications of behavior.

These learned modifications cannot be passed on to the children. The children in turn must acquire them through their personal effort, experience and the interaction with the environment.

Many a times the actions of the person are determined more by the situation, rather than his behavior. Therefore, the situation may potentially have a very big impact on the actions and expressions.

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