There are many ways to improve the memory. Students frequently discover they need to adapt their study habits to the college and professional college setting.
Here are some tips for getting started:
Basic word association can be used where you have a bank of words to trigger recall. Try what is called “chunking”. 20-50 minute time periods followed by a brief break (5-10 minutes) is the most effective way to study.
Use daylight hours, just one hour of studying during the day is worth two at night, since we are programmed to be awake during the day.
Practise active studying – ask yourself questions, review your notes regularly, discuss key concepts with peers and professors.
Intellectual interference or mental overcrowding can be minimized by a period of reflection, clarification and organization such they will not interfere with each other. Avoid cramming learning hours with unorganized material.
There should be rest periods at intervals to allow the brain to lie fallow.
Understand rather than memorize. Too great dependence upon the phraseology of the text book, will be a handicap; restate or rephrase the ideas in your own words.
To remember something, we must attend to it; concentration is attending to something intensely or wholly.
Confidence matters, the memory strengthens in direct proportion to the burden placed on it. Use written notes as a prompting device, but rely on your memory rather than written reminders.
Concentrate on accuracy, not speed. A mistake once learned is difficult to unlearn so get it right the first time.
The more background you bring to a subject or reading, the more interest and understanding you will have also. Indeed, if we do not have sufficient background for something, our learning will suffer.
Organization is important, whether in mind or in more literal terms. A good memory is like a well organized and well maintained filing system.
Quiz or test yourself as this promotes understanding as well as faster learning because it is a more active process than reading or listening. It also tests understanding, revealing mistakes or gaps. Recite to your self in your own words.
Review notes only when study is complete. Use notes to test your self with self designed questions.
Having an excellent memory is a great boon to any career, particularly one in which you work with the public. If you can remember the names of clients that you have met only once or twice, studies show that sales increase and overall communication is improved. The more you can concentrate on things big or small, the more you will remember and it will generate goodwill all around.
There are people who can remember a whole lecture or 2/3 page document listening or reading once. This can be only a God given natural gift and not acquired by any practice or developing skills. Otherwise by reading a document and writing the same in your own language after understanding is the right way of proper written communication. Even in case of remembering a place in large city the route can be remembered by initially identifying the land marks en route and finally reaching the destination.
Memory can be improved by various training programs to some extent depending on ones natural body forces and not to perfection or 100%. Another factor is the interest of the individual in the subject.