Nanotechnology can be used to generate a range of socio economic benefits through collaborations and interdisciplinary research.
Eligibility: The starting point of a career in nanotechnology would be a strong bachelor’s degree in science or engineering followed by a master’s degree in nanotechnology or integrated M Sc–Ph D Nanotech or an integrated M Sc or M Tech
Skills required: A scientific bent of mind and an interest in research are qualities that are expected of those who want to pursue nanotechnology.
Nanotechnology is the engineering of functional systems at the molecular scale. Contrary to common perception, nanotechnology is not new and has been in use since the Roman era. The contemporary essence of nanotechnology can be understood in the context of manufacturing. Nanotechnology entails manufacturing at the nano level wherein per capita consumption of useful materials is significantly reduced. This helps in reducing costs and achieving economies of scale. Moreover, at the nano stage, matter is at its purest forms. Hence nanotechnology is all about manufacturing products that are free of defect.
Need of the hour:
According to a senior scientist current collaboration in this field exist in the area of information exchange. There is scope for collaborating in terms of the actual manufacturing process and for discussing future areas of applications as well.
Nanotechnology has to move beyond the confines of a lab to make a mark in industry R&D in this domain has to be socially responsible. Such activities, necessities collaborations between educational institutions policy organizations and at the global level
As to how collaborations with foreign universities can help in improving research in nano science and nanotechnology. A nucleus of select institutes can be created through research collaborations. This nucleus should facilitate scholarly interaction between international conferences seminars and workshops. Nanotechnology has impacted the domain of information technology by generating novel semiconductors and displays nanologics and quantum computers. It plays a role in the food industry too. Its applications include diagnosis and treatment of diseases drug delivery and conservation of energy and environment to name a few areas.
Given its cost effective proposition, nanotechnology holds promise for developing countries. However most of these countries lag behind developed nation as far as discussions and explorations are concerned. The best way is probably to strengthen human relations between scientists of developing and scientists in the best labs is also a good idea. These scientists can eventually return to their countries to apply their learning. Also, developed nations have to multiply the number of grants to welcome students from developing nations.
Talking about India’s requirements in terms of nanotechnology, the government has recently approved a proposal to invest Rs 1,000 core under a five year nano science and technology mission. There is a growing demand for trained manpower. The emphasis should be on industry oriented post graduated programs in nanotechnology so that scholars trained in relevant areas are employable in emerging industries. In fact, active research is a priority in some of India’s research centers. More such research initiatives should be encouraged through industry tie ups.
So how does one encourage bright minds? With large funds allocated to develop nanotechnology in India, we should attract students through the National Science Talent Search scheme. Also, special funds should be allocated to focus on students who have completed their class 12 exams and are waiting to be selected for higher studies in this field.
Adopting an extreme approach all the time is unacceptable states who works as an in house counselor with a leading KPO. Irrespective of whether your bend is positive or negative, it’s important to strike the balance. —