For those who cannot find a full time job or are unable to make the full day commitment, part time jobs are a popular option. In fact, the number of people taking up part time jobs is often underestimated.
Part time jobs are popular because of their flexibility and the time leniency they offer. For those who cannot attend a full time job for various reasons, this is lifeline. The firm also benefits as additional staff can be recruited as per requirements.
People choose to work in part time jobs for a variety of reasons. The most common is the time factor. Mr.S has an elderly father to take care of and cannot afford to be in office all day. Taking up a part time job helps him balance his personal and professional responsibilities effectively. Young mothers too have similar domestic constraints, which may prompt them to slash their working hours.
Students also commonly take up part time jobs. The motives for the same, of course are bipolar. Some do it for experience while others do it to start earning young. Mr.P is pursuing a part time job along with regular college. He does it for, apart from getting the necessary industrial experience his job also allows him to partially fund his own education. It’s great to feel self reliant.
Those who are not adequately qualified to work full time may also take up part time jobs. Policies for hiring Part time employees are generally more flexible and less stringent than that for full timers. Hence even people who do not meet the exact job requirement may be accommodated. As per the company policies in order to be hired as full time employee, the candidate has to at least be a graduate. A part time arrangement worked out to be the most suitable compromise .
Part time jobs are usually a win-win situation for the employee and the employer. The employee is able to balance work with other commitments or earn an extra penny alongside holding down a regular job. The employer benefits as part time employees can be easily recruited during peak season.
The most obvious problem facing part time employees is the time crunch. Very often, what is supposed to be part time job spills on to entire day. This way they are short changed for their efforts. Others who must balance personal or academic responsibilities with their job must also carefully perform the balancing act. It’s difficult to constantly switch between roles. It’s unsettling initially because by the time you get down to proper work, the shift is over. Another problem facing part time employees is that they generally draw a lower salary (if compared on an effort reward basis) than their full time counterparts.
Apart from the lower remuneration working part time has other disadvantages as well. Part time employees are unlikely to be entitled to any perks and benefits. Additionally, only some companies incorporate their part time employees in pension plans etc.
Even as their full time counterparts steadily climb the corporate ladder, part timers are likely to suffer on the promotion from as well. The moment you enter part time job, opportunities for job advancement become limited. It’s psychology at play. Being physically present all the time is important. Lingering absence may prevent part timers from a strong impact on the management. Interestingly, superiors also tend to associate physical presence with output – often believing albeit falsely that their full time employees are contributing more to the firm than part timers. Essentially, a glass ceiling limits the growth of part time employers.
While some of these part time disadvantages can spiral into major problems, it will not always be so. It is important to constantly show superiors that you are dedicated to your job. The time you spend at work should be entirely dedicated to work – other commitments must be forgotten for a while. Also, never grumble about how hard it is for you to manage your job and other commitment. Remember it is your problem and your choice not your firm’s.
A part time job can be a fulfilling and wise choice. This is provided of course part timers learn to make the most of limited time and are able to walk the tightrope carefully.