Different types of engineering courses

The branches in engineering include civil, mechanical, electrical, electronics and telecommunications, computer, information technology, chemical, production, biomedical, automobile engineering etc. The entrance tests are called CETs by the state authorities. AIEEE by the central authority for NITs, JEE for IITs. There are also several other tests by deemed universities such as NMAT (T) by NMIMS.

Technology management programs combine the learning of specific technological areas with management. Career opportunities exist as techno-managers in specific technology areas and in the functional areas of management such as finance, marketing, HR and organizational behavior, operations etc. Several public and private sector companies are offering attractive salaries.

The requirement are 10 + 2 with physics, chemistry, maths / biology and English is compulsory with minimum 50 per cent marks in PCB / PCM grou

The course covers all subjects related to medicines starting form the raw material source structure synthesis, physicochemical proprieties, effective and stable formulations, effects on human body legal issues involved in dealing with medicines at all levels, IPR related issues natural drugs, quality assurance, quality control, pharma machineries, pharma, microbiology, pharmaceutical biotechnology and related areas such as community pharmacy, hospital pharmacy etc. Broadly these areas are divided into five main streams i.e. pharmaceutics, pharm chemistry, pharmacology, quality assurance, pharm biotechnology.

It is very important for the student to have strong numerical skills as mathematical models are always while discussing various aspects of the remedial approach is taken for biology students which are not difficult to understand.

The pharma industry is a USD $ 38,000 million industry today and is increasing by the day. In post WTO era, pharma research has taken front seat and has created demand for researchers in the area. The industry is also looking for young graduates to cater to its needs in drugs discovery and IPR related areas.

Looking at the growth of IPR related issues, techno marketing and drug discovery there will be a huge demand for pharma graduates in the near future. Graduates must have research aptitude and managerial skill to encash these opportunities. There is lot of scope for graduates having research experience with PG / PhD or for graduates with an MBA degree in pharma management.

After graduation, students have the choice to go for master’s degree or can join the pharma industry, FDA, Drug Information Center marketing of pharma products, or hospitals in various capacities. Students can also start their own business such as manufacturing of pharmaceuticals formulation of drugs, manufacturing of pharma machineries and sale or drug distribution activities.

After PG, the student may work in pharma industries in the research and development team, quality control quality assurance, pharma project management , CRO, drug discovery , intellectual property right cell medical writer toxicologist etc. The student can also work as a scientist in various governmental research organizations. He can join academia to teach pharmacy students and also can be involved in research consultancy and at the senior level guide PhD scholars, write books and plan new educative approaches.

An MBA degree with pharmacy is added advantage as it opens up many doors to establish or expand one’s own business or work for other organizations. Making a pharma product is challenging but marketing it at an affordable price is a bigger challenge. Packages available for pharma graduates with MBA are much higher tan those for graduates without an MBA. There are courses wherein one can join five years BPharm + MBA program in dual degree mode after 10 + 2.

The programmer saves one year as by themselves, B Pharm degree requires four years and MBA takes two years. It also avoids the struggle for getting admission in MBA program after graduation. As management components are enmeshed with pharma program for five years, it gives good exposure and in-depth knowledge of principles of pharma management in a good management institution.

Indian pharma degree is one of the best degrees in the global scenario. Industry oriented teaching training and research mode is hardly available even in developed countries. Companies look at the pharmacist for patient oriented services and not for research or industrial operations. Therefore, it is not worth to study this course outside India as a high cost is involved and content of education is no different from what is offered in India.

The Indian degrees are recognized all over the world for further studies. However, some companies abroad look for candidate with international degrees. These are offered by many universities abroad and some in India. Students have option of completing the undergraduate program in India and then doing a graduate program abroad.

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