BENEFITS & OTHER ASPECTS OF PROMOTION
Managements give preferences to favoritism in promoting employees. This basis includes nepotism, friendship, management-sponsored trade union leaders and recommendations of political leaders, government officials and other persons to whom the management owes certain obligations and employees who always praise the managers who take the decisions about promotion, with the sole motive of gaining their favor. Managers change the norms of either merit or seniority or both in accordance with the qualifications, past performance and experience of those employees whom they favor for promotions.
The scope for giving priority to this basis is relatively more in private sector compared to public sector. But, this basis cannot be preferred widely with the growing strength and regulating power of trade unions. However, there is much scope for operational deviations, though the promotional policy and procedure is clearly and systematically formulated and written.
The advantages of this basis are that the management can discharge its obligations towards the political leader and others and in turn it gets favors from them.
But this basis (favoritism) suffers from limitations like-
1. Decelerating the morale of employees, trade union leaders.
2. Shift in the employee attitude and values, in the sense, that the employees aspiring for promotions may resort to the influence, recommendations etc rather than developing their qualification or skill. This in turn affects the organizational health.
Reservations in Promotions:
Government at the centre issued the orders to government departments to introduce reservations in promotions in addition to selections. Accordingly, these departments have to fill certain percentages of vacancies at the higher level from among the employees belonging to scheduled castes and scheduled tribes.
The reservation for scheduled castes and scheduled castes in promotions is an important problem agitating the minds of Government employees. It is observed that, â€œat the stage of initial recruitment there is no objection to reservation of quotas for scheduled tribes. At the promotion stage, however, such reservation can give rise to a feeling of inequity among the staff that has already put in several years of service. In addition, reservations in promotions also affect the superior-subordinate relations adversely. Hence, the government has to take steps to eliminate the adverse effects of this system.
Benefits of Promotion:
Promotion of employees from lower ranks to higher positions benefits the organization as well as employees:
Ã˜ Promotion places the employees in a position where an employeeâ€™s skills and knowledge can be better utilized.
Ã˜ It creates and increases the interest of other employees in the company as they believe that they will also get their turn.
Ã˜ It creates among employees a feeling of content with the existing conditions of work and employment;
Ã˜ It increases interest in acquiring higher qualifications, in training and in self-development with a view to meet the requirements of promotion;
Ã˜ Promotion improves employee morale job satisfaction
Ã˜ Ultimately it improves organizational health.
Problems with Promotion:
Though promotion benefits the employees and the organization, it creates certain problems. They are disappointment of the candidates, refusal of promotions etc
Promotion disappoints some Employees:
Some employees who are not promoted will be disappointed when their colleagues with similar qualifications and experience are promoted either due favoritism or due to lack of systematic promotion policy. Employees may develop negative attitude and reduce their contributions to the organization and prevent organizational and individual advancement.
Some Employees Refuse Promotion:
There is a general tendency that employee accepts promotion. But there are several incidents where employees refuse promotions. These incidents include promotion together with transfer to an unwanted place, promotion to that level where the employee feels that he will be quite incompetent to carry out the job, delegation of unwanted responsibilities, and when trade union leaders feel that promotion causes damage to their position in trade union.
The other problems associated with the promotion are:
Some superiors will not relieve their subordinates who are promoted because of their indispensability in the present job and inequality in promotional opportunities in different departments, regions and categories of jobs.
Promotion problems can be minimized through a career counseling by the superiors and by formulating a systematic promotion policy.