Although not very popular the diploma in engineering, is a wise option after class 10, especially for those who are apprehensive of engineering degree entrance examinations or are looking for early employment.
Engineering is the discipline and profession of acquiring and applying technical, scientific and mathematical knowledge to design and implement materials structures, machines, devices systems, and processes that safely realize a desired objective or invention.
Students have two ways to go about obtaining a degree in engineering. The first is after class 12 wherein a student enrolls for a regular four year degree. The second route is for those who wish to take up engineering immediately after class 10. Here, one needs to take admission to a diploma in engineering. The duration of the diploma in engineering is three years after class 10. Some colleges offer a four year diploma which includes one year of industrial training.
After the completion of the diploma the student is eligible for direct admission to the second year of the degree in engineering though they still hold the option of opting for the first year. There are usually 10 seats reserved for this intake of diploma students in the second year.
The total number of seats available for the direct admissions to the second year engineering in Maharashtra is around 20000. The students passing through the diploma after class 10 in Maharashtra around 100000.
On the other hand the number of students who appeared for, the MHT-CET exam this year was around 280000 and the number of seats available for first year engineering degree after class 12 is around 90000 in 275 colleges in Maharashtra.
This year the All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE) started a separate division with an intake capacity of 60 for the diploma students being admitted to the second year of engineering. Though not yet being offered by all colleges there are more seats available to the diploma students.
A distinct advantage that students who opt for the diploma after class 10 enjoy is that they have the option of joining the industry through jobs sooner than those who take up the degree only after class 12. This is especially advantageous for those students who belong to financially weaker backgrounds an find it difficult to afford the fees for engineering. Such individuals can opt for the diploma the fee for which is far less, work for some years and then join the engineering degree as a part time or a full time student.
Yet another benefit is that having already undertaken three years of engineering studies, diploma students find the studies in the degree in engineering courses much easier to deal with. Projects and academic pursuits thus become much easier for a diploma student.
The diploma course has a semester pattern similar to that of the degree in engineering. Hence diploma students adapt to the pattern more easily as compared to those class 12 students who have followed a yearly examination pattern and find it difficult in the first year to appear for examinations of six subjects within the first four months of the courses.
The discomfort is evident through the results of first year of engineering across colleges with even the usually bright students scoring really low and a few others having to take a drop of one year due to failed scores in more than five subjects. Diploma students by virtue of being admitted directly to the second year, by pass this first hurdle.
It makes most sense for those students to take up a diploma who are in need of a job early on in their careers and are looking to gain the skills for the same. Some students also tae up a diploma after class 10 because they are not sure of their performance in the entrance examinations for an engineering degree after class 12
Hence, opting for a diploma in engineering after class 10 has its pros and cons and it is up to an individual to decide his or her strengths and opt for their course of engineering study.