Put Chad and Sean into the same decision situation and Chad almost always seems to take longer to come to a solution. Chadâ€™s final choices arenâ€™t necessarily always better than Seanâ€™s ,heâ€™s just slower in processing information .Additionally, if thereâ€™s an obvious risk dimension in the decision ,Sean seems to consistently prefer a riskier option than does Chad .What this illustrates is that all of us bring our individual style to the decisions we make.Read more
Lets begin by describing how individuals should behave in order to maximize or optimize a certain outcome. we call this the rational decision- making process.Read more
Government of India on 30th October,1975 announced a scheme of workers participation in management which consisted of establishment of Joint Councils and Shop council as part of its 20 point economic programs. The scheme envisages for the establishment of joint councils and shop councils in manufacturing and mining industries employing 500 or more employees in public, private and co-operative sectors.Read more
Industries everywhere has been striving hard to discover new work methods and techniques which could help produce goods of required quality at reasonable costs The search has resulted in finding techniques such as work simplification , job design, value analysis and the like All these are collectively called â€˜methods engineeringâ€™ or industrial engineeringâ€™.Read more
Managerial functions of personnel management involve planning, organizing, directing, and controlling. All these functions influence the operative functionsRead more
The most common form of group decision making takes place in interacting groups. In these groups, members meet face-to-face and rely on both verbal and nonverbal interaction to communicate with each other. But as our discussion of groupthink demonstrated ,interacting groups often censor themselves and pressure individual members toward conformity of opinion.Read more
The specification of values forms a basis for evaluation .The basis of evaluation and the mode of collection of information necessary for evaluation should be determined at the planning stage. The process of training evaluation has been defined asâ€? an attempt to obtain information on the effects of training performance and to assess the value of training in the light of that information.â€?Read more
One of the central characteristics of total quality management (TQM) is the use of teams. But why are teams an essential part of TQM?
The essence of TQM is process improvement, and employee involvement is the linchpin of process improvement.
Letâ€™s briefly review how stimulating conflict can provide benefits to the organization.
Conflict is a means by which to bring about radical change. Itâ€™s an effective device by which management can drastically change the existing power structure ,current interaction patterns, and entrenched attitudes.
Communication can be thought of as a process or flow. Communication problems occur when there are deviations or blockages in that flow .In this section, we describe the process in terms of a communication model, consider how distortions can disrupt the process, and introduce the concept of communication apprehension as another potential disruption.Read more
Can the misunderstanding of a few words literally mean the difference between life and death? They can in the airline business. A number of aviation disasters have been largely attributed to problems in communication .Read more